Incident Reports

Army petitions SC over Kavre court verdict in Maina case


Bagmati, Kathmandu, Kathmandu

Nepal Army (NA) has filed a writ petition at the Supreme Court, demanding that the verdict of Kavre District Court slapping life terms against three former army officers in the Maina Sunwar murder case be annulled. Captain Saroj Regmi filed the writ petition on behalf of Nepal Army. The writ petition filed on September 22 has named the Office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers, the Office of the Attorney General, the Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction, Kavre District Court and the mother of the late Maina among the defendants. On April 17, 2017, Kavre District Court had convicted Colonel Boby Khatri and Captains Sunil Prasad Adhikari and Amit Pun in the murder of the teenage girl during the Maoist insurgency and slapped life terms on them. The court acquitted Major Niranjan Basnet, who was also accused, stating that the evidence against him was insufficient. Khatri, Adhikari and Pun are no longer in the army. The writ petition has moved the apex court to annual the Kavre district court verdict, arguing that it goes against a precedent set by the Supreme Court and flouts the universal principle against double jeopardy. The writ petition has also claimed that Kavre district court lacked the jurisdiction to hand down such a verdict. The writ petition has stated that the three army officers had already undergone the punishment handed down by a military court of inquiry and the district court in pronouncing its own verdict had breached its jurisdiction. Maina, a 15-year-old school girl in Kharelthok VDC-6 of Kavrepalanchowk district, was arrested by army personnel on February 17, 2004, and she disappeared. Following her disappearance, her family and human rights advocates pressured the government over her whereabouts and it later emerged that she had been murdered. A government attorney filed a murder case on January 31, 2008 at Kavre District Court. The case was filed on the basis of a written complaint lodged by Maina's mother Devi Sunwar on November 13, 2005 against Khatri, Basnet, Adhikari and Pun. The army later said it had arrested Maina because her mother had helped the Maoist rebels. Though the army initially denied detaining Maina, it later admitted that she had died in captivity. The army had been claiming that it formed its own Court of Inquiry on March 14, 2005, to investigate the case. The Court of Inquiry headed by Major General Kiran SJB Rana convicted Khatri, Adhikari, and Pun and sentenced each of them to six-month jail terms. 
Details and Impacts
Violent / Non-violent Violent
Onesided / Twosided Onesided
Collective / Interpersonal Interpersonal
Primary Form Murder/attempted Murder
Secondary Form Torture
Weapons Blunt weapon
Primary Cause Violence in prisons (violence by correction officers, prisoners etc.)
Secondary Cause Violence in prisons (violence by correction officers, prisoners etc.)
Actor 1 - Number of people 3
Actor 1 - Affiliations Army
Actor 1 - Youth na
Actor 2 - Number of people 1
Actor 2 - Affiliation (Target) Citizen/Individuals
Actor 2 - Youth youth
Total Killed 1
Female Killed 1
Youth Killed 1
Total Abducted 1
Female Abducted 1
National/Online Media