Incident Reports

Janakpur: Wide spread black marketing of fertilizers


With a shortage of fertilizers in the market, the dealers in Dhanusa and Mahottari are found to be selling the fertilizers in three times the price than allocated by the Nepal Government. Government has been selling fertilizers through cooperatives in subsidized price. However the farmers complained that the operators of cooperatives are selling the fertilizer at higher price. 

Farmers are worried not only due to shortage of fertilizers but also due to black marketing by the cooperatives. Previously farmers were dependent on Indian market and almost 50% of the fertilizer demand for this bordering region used to be smuggled by the farmers themselves. But there is strict monitoring since last 2 years due to COVID which has marred exporting fertilizers from India. 

The chairperson of Krishi Samagri Company - Janakpurdham Mr. Ram Kumar Chaudhary also agreed with shortage of fertilizers in market and said that it will continue to be short for next 1.5 months. According to him, at least 10,000 metric ton fertilizer is necessary per year to end the shortage of fertilizers in these two districts, but they are able to supply only 1800 metric ton urea and 700 metric ton DAP till date , this year.

The farmers expressed their worries and said that they are not able to put fertilizers in rice field in time. Also buying few kilograms of fertilizers from the Indian market doesn't meet their needs. Lack of fertilizers on time has also reduced productivity by large. A farmer who used to produce 100 maund (3732 kg)  of rice before, produces only 20 maund of rice from the same field at present.



Details and Impacts
Violent / Non-violent Nonviolent
Primary Form Black Marketing
Primary Cause Issues related to commodity availability, prices, and subsidies
Actor 1 - Number of people n/a
Actor 1 - Affiliations Citizen/Individuals
Actor 1 - Youth na
Actor 2 - Number of people Not Available
Actor 2 - Affiliation (Target) Citizen/Individuals
Actor 2 - Youth na
National/Online Media